Other trade agreements cover wider geographical areas and have been implemented because of the perceived economic benefits for Member States to approve certain trade rules. The TPP is an example of a trade agreement with member countries as far away as Australia and Canada. The United States was part of the TPP until January 2017. The preferential trade agreement requires the least commitment to removing trade barriers Trade barriers are legal measures taken primarily to protect a country`s national economy. They generally reduce the amount of goods and services that can be imported. These barriers are put in place in the form of tariffs or taxes and, although Member States do not remove barriers between them. There are also no common trade barriers in preferential trade zones. The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) are two of the well-known trade agreements, but there are many others that govern trade between countries. The African Union is an organization of regional, social and economic cooperation. The site provides detailed information on all major economic cooperation programmes in Africa. Information includes participating countries, official documents, major events and press releases. Free trade agreements are a sub-section of the official website of the U.S.
State Organization`s Foreign Trade Information System (SICE). It offers documents on specific trade agreements as well as other related issues. In addition, information on unions and preferential agreements is available. The next objective in the design of the ATRs is the idea that a regional trade agreement can support and make domestic policy reform safer; in other words, if the country is linked to an international trade agreement, any future reversal of domestic policy reform will be more difficult to implement. This was a central element of Mexico`s negotiating position on NAFTA. As such, the result was that Mexican negotiators made less effort to reach an exchange of concessions between themselves and their negotiating partners and that they sought to make unilateral concessions to the larger negotiating partners with whom they did little to negotiate in bilateral negotiations. The idea was clearly to contribute, through this process, to support the reform of domestic policy. As of 8 January 2015, the WTO has received some 604 notifications from RTA, of which approximately 398 were in force. The WTO Regional Trade Agreement (RTA) defines reciprocal trade agreements between two or more partners, including free trade agreements and tariff unions. Free trade agreements and agreements that are partially within the scope account for about 90% of all ATRs, while customs unions account for 10%.
Regional trade agreements are generally of five types: according to the WTO, regional trade agreements (ATRs) are defined as reciprocal trade agreements between two or more partners, including free trade agreements and customs unions. In some cases, there are several country-by-country negotiating objectives that encourage participation in regional trade agreements; In other cases, one or two objectives are generally predominant. It is also true that the objectives often reflect only the interests of narrower subgroups within countries and not a broader interest of countries, as in the case of sectoral regulations in the textile, agriculture, car or other sectors perceived as politically sensitive. Some of these trade agreements exist between countries within certain geographic areas and countries with common borders (e.g., NAFTA or the Gulf Cooperation Council, also known as the GCC, which has six Arab states, namely Saudi Arabia, Oman, the United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Bahrain and Qatar).