I followed the progress of the agreement between the United States and the Taliban in my capacity as director of the Center for Afghanistan Studies at the University of Nebraska, Omaha. My analysis has just concluded that the implementation of the Trump administration agreement has stalled. Doha, Qatar – After months of negotiations in Qatar`s capital, U.S. and Taliban officials have signed an agreement to end the longest U.S.-led war in Afghanistan since 2001. Continued violence on both sides remains an obstacle to a final peace agreement. During the preliminary talks, the Taliban continued to fight on the battlefield and launched terrorist attacks in the capital and also threatened the 2019 Afghan presidential elections on September 28.  According to U.S. Air Force statistics released in February 2020, the United States dropped more bombs on Afghanistan in 2019 than in any other year since 2013.  After nine rounds of negotiations, negotiators signed a peace agreement in February 2020 that addresses four main issues: negotiators will also try to reach some sort of agreement on the country`s political future.
Meanwhile, the number of American troops is already being reduced. Under the agreement between the United States and the Taliban, all U.S. forces will withdraw by May 2021, when the Taliban will honour their commitments to Al Qaeda and begin talks with the government. In other words, withdrawal does not depend on an agreement between the Afghan government and the Taliban. At a conference in Kabul, the Danes said the insurgents did not believe in a peaceful solution to the conflict. „We [the Afghan government] have neither signed nor ratified this agreement [the U.S.-Taliban peace agreement] and, from our point of view and commitments, we are not responsible for the details of its contents,“ he added. On February 29, 2020, the United States and the Taliban signed a peace agreement in Doha, Qatar, officially titled the „Afghanistan Peace Agreement.“  The provisions of the agreement include the withdrawal of all U.S. and NATO troops from Afghanistan, a Taliban promise to prevent Al Qaeda from operating in as-controlled areas and talks between the Taliban and the Afghan government.
 The United States has agreed to reduce its initial level from 13,000 to 8,600 by July 2020, followed by a total withdrawal within 14 months if the Taliban meet their commitments.  The United States also committed to closing five military bases within 135 days and announced its intention to end economic sanctions against the Taliban by August 27, 2020.  Nevertheless, the failure of US President Donald Trump to reach an agreement on the central condition for the Taliban to fully denounce their relations with jihadist groups is hardly a reassuring result for the Afghan people and gives credibility to Trump`s immense priority for the withdrawal of troops before the Presidential elections in November. The agreement signed in Doha on Saturday in the presence of leaders from Pakistan, Qatar, Turkey, India, Indonesia, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan will pave the way for the gradual withdrawal of their troops from the United States. Despite the peace agreement between the United States and the Taliban, insurgent attacks on Afghan security forces have reportedly intensified in the country. In the 45 days following the agreement (between March 1 and April 15, 2020), the Taliban carried out more than 4,500 attacks in Afghanistan, an increase of more than 70% over the same period last year.  More than 900 Afghan security forces were killed during this period, compared to about 520 in the same period the previous year.